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During the Civil War Elizabeth Cady Stanton concentrated her efforts on abolishing slavery, but afterwards she became even more outspoken in promoting women suffrage. In 1868, she worked with Susan B. Anthony on the Revolution, a militant weekly paper. The two then formed the National Woman Suffrage Association (NWSA) in 1869. Stanton was the NWSAs first presidenta position she held until 1890. At that time the organization merged with another suffrage group to form the National American Woman Suffrage Association. Stanton served as the president of the new organization for two years.

The Revolution was a weekly women's rights newspaper published between January 8, 1868 and February 1872. It was the official publication of the National Woman Suffrage Association which was formed by feminists Elizabeth Cady Stanton and Susan B. Anthony. This newspaper was edited by Elizabeth Cady Stanton and Parker Pillsbury and initially funded by George Francis Train.

Its motto, that was printed on the masthead of the front page, was: "The true republic  men, their rights and nothing more; women, their rights and nothing less."

Although The Revolutions circulation never exceeded 3,000,[3] its influence on the national womans rights movement was enormous. The paper functioned as the official voice of the National Woman Suffrage Association and discussed controversial issues of divorce, prostitution, and reproductive rights and linked change to female enfranchisement and other things. The Revolution was instrumental in attracting working-class women to the movement by devoting columns to concerns such as unionization and discrimination against female workers.

Train's contributions to the paper declined after he was imprisoned in England for backing Irish rebels. His support ceased by May 1869, and the paper began to operate in debt. Anthony insisted on expensive, high-quality printing equipment, and she paid women workers the high wages she thought they deserved. She banned any advertisements for alcohol- and morphine-laden patent medicines; all such medicines were abhorrent to her. However, revenue from non-patent-medicine advertisements was too low to cover costs.

In January 1870, a rival paper was launched by Lucy Stone, called the Woman's Journal. Despite conjecture at the time, it is doubtful that Anthony and Stanton suffered from any competition for subscribers. Few subscribers switched allegiance; many subscribed to both.

In June 1870, Laura Curtis Bullard, a Brooklyn-based writer whose parents became wealthy from selling a popular morphine-laden patent medicine called "Mrs. Winslow's Soothing Syrup", bought The Revolution for one dollar, with Anthony assuming its $10,000 debt, an amount equal to $171,000 in current value. Anthony used her lecture fees to repay the debt, completing the task in six years. Under Bullard, the paper reorganized to include more social gossip and mainstream literature, and it began to carry the lucrative patent medicine advertisements that Anthony had banned. Nevertheless, it did not thrive; its last issue was published in February 1872

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